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Male Infertility Causes: A Second Look

Author Zizzur Staff. Published on July 30, 2011 - 9:37 pm (1905 views — 412 words)

Infertility is such a devastating occurrence for men that affects his perception of his role in the society and his sense of self-esteem. Men are as hopeful as women regarding parenthood; it is a task, an expectation that they must fulfill, not to mention the male pride and ego. The infertility issues of men seem to have taken the backseat with the focus being given more on women. This may lead one to ask: What can be done to respond to male infertility causes?

There are many variable reasons for male infertility causes. Environmental factors, psychosocial and behavioral concerns, hormonal problems, physical or structural abnormalities as well as lifestyle problems or an interplay of more than one problem are among the top reasons.

Temporary male infertility causes are generally triggered by lifestyle as well as psychosocial and behavioral factors. Stress, alocohol and substance abuse, smoking, poor diet leading to obesity and lack of proper nutrients, even biking and steam baths stressing the male genitalia are some of these factors. Being temporary, effects may be reversed by shifting or altering lifestyle and certain complicating behaviors.

Direct detrimental effects may be impinged on testes or the hormone system to decrease sperm production and quality due to exposure to infective microorganisms, radiation or toxic chemicals. Some known environmental agents are free radicals or oxidants, bisphenol, heavy metals, radiation, hydrocarbons and organochlorines found in plastics and certain pesticides.

On the other hand, hormonal concerns that are genetically triggered are harder to treat. Hypothyroidism or low thyroid hormone, hypogonadotropic hypopituitarisms, hyperprolactinemia or elevated prolactin, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, and panhypopituitafism or complete pituitary gland failure are some examples.

Production of unhealthy spermatic materials or blocking of sperm pathways may be attributed to male infertility causes such as structural deformities. Examples of physical abnormalities are: torsion or twisting of testes that cause testicular damage; variocoele or the swelling of a spermatic vein leading to reduced sperm count and/or abnormal sperm morphology; infection and diseases like mumps, typhoid gonorrhea, syphilis, etc causing testicular atrophy, reduced sperm motility and quantity; damaged spermatic ducts due to genetic disorder or due scarring from surgery or infections; retrograde ejaculation in which sphincter does not constrict during ejaculation, and Klinefelter’s syndrome a genetic disorder, where there is the trisomy of sex chromosomes, thus giving each cell an extra X chromosome leading to underdeveloped and dysfunctional testes. Other male sexual concerns that are worthy to mention are: impotence or erectile dysfunction, ejaculatory incompetence and premature ejaculation.