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How to solder electronic components using this basic electronics guide

Author Zizzur Staff. Published on August 20, 2011 - 7:47 pm (560 views — 383 words)

One of the most important skills needed when fixing electronic equipments is soldering. A solder is an alloy or a combination of tin and lead. A soldering iron with very high heat ( around 200 C) can be used to melt the mixture. Anyone who nees to do some fixing or assembly of electronic devices must learn soldering. Since soldering requires the use of heat and toxic metals, be sure to observe the following safety procedure:

* Put the soldering tip at a safe distance from your skin or your clothing. The pain can be very sharp once the soldering tip touches your skin and severely burns it.

* Always exert extra care when touching the main flex with the iron tip. The high heat present on the tip can melt the plastic as well burn the user himself.

*Always place the iron on its stand when not in use.This simple habit prevents any untoward incidents.

* Proper ventilation is required when soldering. The metals emit toxic smoke which can be diffused by good ventilation.

*Remove any dirt or material by hand-washing after soldering.
At this point, you are ready to perform soldering on electronic components. This basic electronics guide suggests that familiarity with all the components that would be used is a great advantage. Soldering is crucial because once a component is misplaced on the board, everything is affected. Most basic electronics guide provide basic charts of electronic components that can guide users. Provided in here is the proper procdure for soldering electronic components:

The basic electronics guide and procedure for soldering components
1. Stick all the components onto a sheet of paper using any adhesive tape.

2. Determine the name and value of each components and write beside it.

3. Place the code (R1, R2, C1 etc.) since this could help later.

Several projects from books and magazines label the components with codes (R1, R2, C1, D1 etc.) which can be helpful since you can see their list and check the codes given.

4.Resistor values can be recognized using the resistor colour code. You can also use a resistor calculator found online.

5. Capacitor values are quite challenging because there are many types with different labelling systems.

To be sound and safe at soldering, simply follow our basic electronics guide everytime.