Low Bone Density And Being In Control
Author Zizzur Staff. Published on October 17, 2011 - 1:07 am (465 views — 409 words
The hydroxylapatite or inorganic calcium and other minerals that make up the bone are responsible for the bone mass which is aptly called BMD or bone mineral density. The condition of the bones may indicate a lot of things including presence of secondary osteoporosis. Men and women are at high risk particularly as they get older ;yet, this condition has high prevalence in menopausal women as well as children too. In order to comprehend how bones thin out, it may be sensible to consider its structure.
Bones consist of osteoblasts and osteoclasts. The osteoblast is a bone tissue that makes the regeneration of new bone cells possible to render strength and stability to the skeleton while the osteoblast ensures that the new born cells have room to grow and regenerate through removing or resorption of aging bone cells. When the osteoclasts function more effectively than osteoblasts, the result is bone loss. This is a likely consequence if an inhibitor blocks the regeneration process in osteoblasts.
One common problem leading to bone loss is the inadequacy of the materials needed in bone regeneration like calcium, vitamin D and other minerals and salts. If the root cause of bone loss and possibly osteoporosis is nutrition issue, this can easily be solved developing a diet plan that considers loading of foods rich in said nutrients. Vitamin D deficiency may occur more often to dark-skinned people as melanin that is found in dark skin can block the absorption of Vitamin D from the sun. Activities in osteoclasts and osteoblasts are interfered with pharmacologic drugs like glucocorticoid, drugs for thyroid treatment and the anticonvulsant methotrexate. Oversecretion and undersecretion of certain hormones like the thyroid and parathyroid hormones as well as the corticosteroids may similarly cause low bone density. Low bone density may also be triggered by low levels of estrogen, the female sex hormone, that functions in building bone mass. This situation is expected to happen for all women at a certain time nearing menopausal stage. Sedentary lifestyles of city-dwelling children,poor dietary habits, and minimal sun exposure are being pointed as the main reasons for bone loss in this group of children.
It is vital that the surrounding factors and causes leading to bone loss are understood to prevent it from occurring. Should it come, stay on top of it because it is manageable and controllable; you must do it yourself rather than osteoporosis taking the rein out of your hands to control you.